Creatine is an organic acid which is known to be involved in the supply of energy to muscles, particularly for short term energy boosts.
Creatine is made in the liver and kidneys via the amino acids arginine, glycine and methionine. It is also available in the diet, mostly through red meat and oily fish, but only in small amounts which are mostly destroyed in the cooking process – for this reason, creatine monohydrate has become one of the world’s most popular sports and athletics supplements.
Although we’ve known about the effects of creatine in the body for almost a century, it only came to wider attention as a supplement following the 1992 Olympics, when a number of leading athletes were known to have used it.
Creatine monohydrate has been widely studied, and research confirms that it does increase power and performance in high intensity anaerobic work such as weight-lifting.
Although there are a number of different types of creatine supplement available, creatine monohydrate has been shown to be cost effective and efficient as a supplement. Most athletes prefer to take it in powder form, mixed into food.