Farro, also known as emmer, is a type of ancient grain, one of the first known to be cultivated in the Fertile Crescent and ancient Egypt, with the earliest examples dating back to around 8200 BC.
Farro is a hulled wheat, which is higher in fibre than common wheat. High fibre whole grain foods are known to be good for heart health, and also keep the digestive system moving, helping to prevent constipation. Since the fibre fills you up, farro can be helpful for those trying to lose weight, as part of a healthy diet.
Rich in phenolic compounds and antioxidants, farro plays a role in helping to prevent the cell damage caused by free radicals. It contains cyanogenic glucosides, which have been shown to be anti-inflammatory. These compounds also boost the immune system and help to regulate both blood sugar and cholesterol.
Farro is a rich source of protein, and when paired with vegetables such as legumes will provide all of the essential amino acids required by the body. It is also rich in B vitamins, particularly niacin, which is essential for good metabolic health.