Also known as Guaran, guar gum is a galactomannan (polysaccharide). It is primarily the ground endosperm (a tissue produced inside the seeds of most of the flowering plants around the time of fertilization) of guar beans. To obtain the guar gum , the husks of the guar seeds are removed. Then they are milled and screened. Guar gum is a free-flowing powder, that is typically off-white in color. Guar gum is very soluble, is a good stabilizer, and has a lot of galactose branch points.
Benefits of guar gum
Following are some of the benefits of guar gum.
• Guar gum is a water-soluble fibre . It acts as a laxative. Hence, it is useful in good bowel movements, and to relieve constipation. It is also helpful in treating chronic bowel ailments, like irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, and diverticulosis. Guar gum, in general, aids for the overall well-being of your stomach. Making guar gum as part of your diet will help to keep the stomach problems at bay.
• Guar gum's high soluble fibre content helps to decrease human serum cholesterol levels. It reduces cholesterol absorption from your small intestine, thus lowering your blood cholesterol. It will help to improve dietary glucose tolerance . Making Guar gum as part of your diet will help to reduce your cholesterol level.
• Guar gum helps to reduce weight. Being a thermogenic substance, it can also be included in a diabetic diet. Also, its low digestibility feature makes it a good filler . It can help to provide satiety.
• Guar gums are preferred as thickeners for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). Guar gum is more water soluble than other gums, and it is also a better emulsifier. Guar gum has up to eight times the thickening power of starch. Guar gums are used in the textile industry for sizing, finishing, and printing. They are used in the paper industry for improved sheet formation. It is used in the explosives industry as a waterproofing agent. Guar gums are used in the pharmaceutical industry as a disintegrator / binder in tablets. They are used in the cosmetics and toiletries industries also. For instance, guar gums are used as a thickener in toothpaste, and as a conditioner in shampoos.
• Guar gums are also used in the food industry . In baked goods, it increases dough yield. In dairy products, it thickens milk, yoghurt, and other milk products. For meat, it functions as a binder. In canned soup, it is used as a thickener and stabilizer.