Kamut is a trademark name for a variety of Khorasan wheat. Khorasan wheat or Oriental wheat is an ancient grain type that belongs to the tetraploid wheat species. This grain looks very similar to common wheat but has a size twice the size of modern-day wheat. They contain more proteins, amino acids, lipids, minerals, and vitamins than the modern wheat as well. It has a rich nutty and buttery flavor. The grain has amber colour and is of a very high quality.
Just like the modern wheat grains, the Khorasan wheat grains can also be directly consumed or milled into flour. They are used to make bread, cookies, breakfast cereals, waffles, baked goods, bulgur, pasta, and beer. Since it has a low tannin content, it is not as bitter as the modern wheat. Khorasan wheat products generally have a nice visual appeal, smooth texture, and a palate-pleasing moistness.
100 grams of uncooked Khorasan wheat contains the following nutritional values.
• Energy - 337 kilocalorie
• Carbohydrates - 70.38 gram
• Fat - 2.2 gram
• Protein - 14.7 gram
• Vitamins - B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, E
• Minerals - Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Zinc
• Water - 10.95 gram
Khorasan wheat is 11% water, 70% carbohydrates, 2% fat, and 15% protein.
• Khorasan wheat has a high protein content. One cup of cooked Khorasan wheat provides 22% of the recommended daily allowance of protein for the average adult. It is low in fat and is cholesterol-free. Khorasan wheat is also rich in nutrients that are essential for general good health. Following are the health benefits of Kamut.
• One cup of cooked Khorasan wheat contains 6.7 grams of dietary fibre. A diet rich in dietary fibre can significantly lower the risk of obesity, heart diseases, stroke, high blood pressure, hypertension, and digestive disorders like constipation, duodenal ulcers, hemorrhoids, and so on. It also helps to prevent colon cancer.
• One cup of cooked Khorasan wheat contains 2.09 milligrams of manganese. Manganese is required for a healthy nervous system, to regulate blood sugar levels, for aid in energy metabolism, and for the absorption of calcium. A manganese rich diet will help to prevent diabetes, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
• One cup of cooked Khorasan wheat provides 96 milligrams of magnesium. Magnesium helps to maintain teeth and bones.
• One cup of cooked Khorasan wheat provides 4.7 milligrams of niacin. Also known as Vitamin B3, niacin is vital for the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Kamut is getting a lot of attention in the health food market today, because of its high nutritional value, and potential health benefits.