Lutein and Zeaxanthin
Lutein, derived from the Latin word Luteus meaning yellow, is a xanthophyll and is considered to be one of the 600 carotenoids. It is also one of the most significant constituents of food. Zeaxanthin is also one of the other naturally present carotenoids. The word is derived from the Latin term Zea Mays, that means common yellow maize corn. These two compounds together are collected at the retina of the human eyes to prevent the macular degeneration of the viewing apparatus.
Importance of Lutein and Zeaxanthin
• While a balanced nutrition is absolutely essential for your eyes to stay healthy and fit, two food compounds that significantly reduce the chances of cataract and macular degeneration of the eyes are Lutein and Zeaxanthin.
• These are largely prevalent in green vegetables.
• These two compounds have pronounced functions of antioxidation in the body. In collaboration with other antioxidants such as beta carotene, vitamin E and Vitamin C; these compounds are majorly responsible for preventing the impacts of free radicals.
• Lutein helps to protect from atherosclerosis, the most common reason for heart attacks.
Established benefits of Lutein and Zeaxanthin on the eyes
Scientific studies have established that the presence of the above two compounds in the macula inside the eyes prevent blue light from affecting the inside structures within the retina, thus resulting in the reduction of light-induced damages due to oxidation leading to macular degeneration. It is generally believed that the two given compounds could also help in the prevention and treatment of other eye-based syndromes such as photophobia resulting in the over-sensitization of the eyes to light.
Although the exact necessities of these two compounds haven’t been found out yet, it is generally recommended to consume 10 mg of Lutein and 2 mg of Zeaxanthin per day so that you get the best results. However, researchers haven’t been able to find out any upper limit of consuming the above two compounds. Studies haven’t able to decipher any major health risks associated with the consumption of the two given compounds. However, it is also assumed that the excessive consumption of the compounds might lead to a yellowing of the skin. A lot of eye vitamins have been developed by medical companies across the world that contains Lutein and Zeaxanthin.